The “Invitation to the Chase” arrives in the post without warning. Inscribed in silver ink on black paper, the anonymous summons expresses a simple challenge—to find the priceless Templar Diamond.
Stolen in 1896 from St. Peter’s Cathedral in Belfast, the Templar Diamond has been missing for six years, with the suspects still at large. Now there is hope of its discovery in Boston, if the cryptic invitation can be believed. But is it a ruse?
Jack Tuohay, Belfast Inspector 2nd class, is a recipient of one such invitation. Professionally discredited for allowing the diamond theft to occur on his watch, he is desperate for a chance at redemption. But the new circumstances are not without stakes, as demonstrated by the murder of a second recipient of the invitation, a Boston priest.
It seems the search for the missing diamond is a deadly one.
Tuohay, with ties to both the diamond and the dead priest, is grudgingly assigned the case by his superiors. Along with two former sleuthing companions, Eliza Wilding and John Eldredge, he pursues the priest’s killer and the lost diamond. It is not long before the companions find themselves entwined in a web of cyphers, puzzles and misdirection where one step closer to the diamond is also one step closer to the fatal consequences surrounding it.
The Host turned to the Wife from across the warm campfire.
“Good Wife, I hope it would not be too much to ask you to relate another tale
to us. This, our last night of the pilgrimage…the evening is young and you told
us such a wonderful tale prior.”
The Wife looked up from her cold
mutton and continued to chew. Many of the others turned towards her, interested
in what her reply would be. With a slight nod from beneath the heavy hood, the Wife
set her mutton down on her food cloth.
“Tell us a good one, fellow Wife,”
bellowed Ren the Miller, clapping his hands together roughly. “I am in the mood
for a warm tale!”
“If it is a warm tale you wish to
hear, then it is a warm tale you shall receive.” The Wife’s raspy voice caught
the attention of audience and they crouched closer as she began to unravel her
For want of a nail the shoe was lost,
For want of a shoe the horse was lost,
For want of a horse the battle was lost,
For want of a battle the kingdom was lost--
All for the want of a horseshoe nail. ---anonymous
It seems like there has been some interest in this area, so
I decided to give it a try. This is a tough one to take on, and what is written
here is likely just the beginnings of a more sound theory that may come down
the road. Perhaps ideas can be generated from this.
The simplest approach I could think of was to break it into
questions with categorical answers, and to try to answer those questions in
sequential order, thereby trying to arrive at some sort of conclusion. I
probably did not choose the most ideal questions, and others should feel free
to add those as they see fit.
1st question: Was the appearance of the numbers
coincidence/chance or driving force?
Choice: Coincidence or driving force
My Choice: Driving force
Reason 1: mainly due to the sheer volume of appearances
Reason 2: the tie-in of the (non-canonical) Valenzetti
Discussion: In my opinion, the main number of appearances of
the numbers is far too great to be considered a coincidence. And if it is not a
coincidence, that means there must be a driving force behind it. In addition,
the Valenzetti equation lends a certain criticality to the numbers by stating
that they represent the solution to the equation for the end of humanity. This
clue leads me to believe that the numbers are linked to a greater cause in
regards to humanity.
2nd question: if driving force is chosen in
question #1, what is the purpose of the numbers and did they have an impact on
-Non-impact: Informational only
-Impact: Course correction predestination-based
-Impact: Course correction time travel determinism-based
The meaning behind each of these choices is the following:
-Informational only: the appearance of the numbers is
not random or coincidence, but their existence has no bearing on the
characters; the numbers are there for a reason, and that reason may provoke the
curiosity of the characters but it does not influence their decisions and/or
-Course correction: the appearance of the numbers is not
random or coincidence, and their existence has a bearing on the characters; the
numbers are there for a reason, and that reason provides enlightenment,
influences the characters, and/or in some way impacts their decisions and
the course correction is due to the existence of Fate or Destiny – the end-game
is established ahead of time, and all points must lead in that direction
travel determinism based: in the theory of consistent histories or whatever happened,
happened, if an individual travels back in time, he/she must perform actions
that lead to results that already exist in the future (see my theory “SundialPark” for more detail)
My choice: Course correction predestination-based
Discussion: Here’s where it really begins to get tricky.
(1) I disregard the first option because in my opinion the
numbers did have an impact on the characters. For example, they were the
winning lottery numbers for Hurley, which played a role in his future. Also,
the numbers appeared enough times to enough characters that certain individuals
(such as Locke and eventually Desmond) believed that they were on the island
for a reason – that the evidence was too much in favor of a design than simply
chance. Because the characters took on these views, it influenced their actions
(2) I disregard the time travel determinism because the
numbers do not seem linked to the characters when they went back to Dharma. For
example, the Valenzetti equation, which was discovered during the Cold War in
the 60s, is pre-time travel (as far as we know based on the one time travel incident
we are aware of). There is also no evidence of a link of the character
traveling back in time, initiating the numbers, and then going back to the
future, thereby creating a determinism factor.
(3) This leaves a predestination-based course correction.
But what does that really mean? If everything is fated to occur, what would one
need course correction for? That would imply free will, and then a need to
‘course correct’ or aim free will in a certain direction.
In order for predestination-based course correction to even
exist, we have to accept the existence of a duality: that free will and predestination
can co-exist. Is this possible?
Paradise Lost was referenced several times during Lost. It is well known for
its references to The Garden of Eden (which I still believe is the island is
btw) and the Fall of Man. Another thing it is well known for is its discussion
and outlook on free will vs. predestination.
Milton’s take on it is this: humanity has free will, but God
is all-knowing at all points in time. So, from an individual’s POV, he or she
has the freedom to choose his or her path in life = free will. From God’s POV,
who lives outside of time, the “book” of humanity is already written. Every
choice already exists, every outcome already exists. Not that God is making the
choices, however – but from God’s POV, it’s said and done.
From an excerpt discussing Milton’s
God declares that humans cannot "justly accuse / Their Maker, or their
making, or their fate, / As if predestination overruled / Their will"
(iii.112-115) because if predestination could overrule a human's fate, free
will would not exist. God knew that creating puppets on strings would be
pointless and free will is necessary for humanity to properly operate. God
reaffirms, "Foreknowledge had no influence on their fault" (iii.118),
meaning that he knew Adam and Eve would fall from grace, but his knowledge did
not affect their decision.
As an example, take the series of Lost. If you owned the
DVDs to the entire series, you could put them in and watch them at any point
you wished. This can be viewed as similar (for example’s sake) to how God would
watch humanity’s existence. He can see all points at all times. They don’t have
to be in linear order. He can see how humanity ends, how it begins, what
choices were made along the way, etc.
As the viewer of the Lost series, you can view Lost in the
same fashion, but you are just that – an observer – you cannot make the
characters’ choices for them. That is how Milton
viewed God’s role as well: designer of time and space, but then observer of the
free will of man. Because God lives outside the dimension of time and is not
bound by it like humanity is, he knows all points in a non-linear fashion, and
therefore, at any one point (other than the end), it is pre-destined. It would
be like you as a watcher tuning in to Season 4, and then the end of the Series.
Everything in-between is driven by free will of the characters, yet is also
predestined from your POV because you know, as a whole, how it will end.
So how do the Numbers fit in?
If the Numbers are truly an indicator of a major milestone
in humanity that is pre-destined to occur, whether it be the destruction of
humanity, or the possibility of destruction, or what-have-you, then one can
argue that the numbers are a natural phenomenon (like gravity so to speak) that
act as course correctors to ensure that the end that is pre-destined comes to
What this means to me is that the numbers appear to our
Losties because they play such a significant role in humanity’s fate (based on
the Valenzetti equation and several remarks regarding how the release of “evil
incarnate” will bring about the end of humanity, or as Widmore puts it,
“everything you care about will cease to exist”).
In other words, their decisions and actions have such a
large impact on how humanity ends up (they are significant variables in the
Valenzetti equation) that they are in fact exposed to bits and pieces of fate
and determinism, they are “course corrected”, and one of these natural factors
is the numbers – and, to clarify, it is not God course correcting, but the
space-time system that exists as a singularity, the reality that from a certain
vantage point (where time is not linear), the beginning and the end were formed
at the same time, and thus, pre-destined.
To get into the weeds a little bit more: a normal individual
whose day-to-day decision making will have ‘relatively’ no impact on the fate
of humanity would have no reason to be significantly
course corrected towards a pre-destined ending for humanity; but an individual
whose sole decision-making may cause the ending of humanity (i.e. being a large
factor vs a small factor in the Valenzetti equation) would certainly be
influenced by fate if that free will decision-making was in contrast to the
pre-destined ending of humanity.
So – to attempt to summarize this in a fashion that makes at
least a little bit of sense:
Paradise Lost, we have free will but live within a pre-determined destiny
and decision makers that can effect the end of the story directly (due to
their significance in the equation of humanity’s destiny) will be course
corrected in the direction of the pre-determined destiny even though they
do indeed have free will; whereas an individual with relatively no impact
on the pre-destined ending will have no reason to be exposed to course
correction (this individual’s action only adjust the result within the
uncertainty of the measurement).
numbers are an example of nature’s course correction device, and this is
based on the Valenzetti equation which related them to the fate of
humanity, and also on the many appearances where they had a direct impact
on the characters, many of whom made crucial decisions leading to the
continued existence of humanity
Well – I hope that made sense. And I am sure there are
plenty of holes in the theory, but worse-case perhaps it’s a starting point for
some discussion and debate. I would have liked to add more hard examples (such
as the Milton’s
Paradise Lost) and less speculation; perhaps there is more out there that can
be brought up.
It is indeed
fitting that many of our favorite characters in the Alternate reality will be
coming together at a concert in the series finale (per Desmond’s statement). We
know that Jack will be there with his son and Claire; and Desmond with Kate,
Hurley, and Sayid. I am sure Faraday will be performing, as will Charlie and
his band (despite his reluctance). I also expect to see Locke, Jin, Sun, and
Sawyer, though by what course corrective force I do not know.
The idea of
viewing Lost as a symphony or composition of musical themes is a good way to
put it into perspective. One simple definition of a symphony is: a harmonious
combination of elements –individual components that are brought together to
What if we think
of the Lost characters as the elements of a symphony? As the instruments, the
themes, the notes. Each is unique, but together they create the melodies and
harmonies of the masterpiece. Without even one of those elements – one
instrument, one melody – the symphony would not be the same – indeed, the
symphony would probably not exist at all. And if we think of the characters as
those elements within the great symphony of Lost – what would it be without
Boone, Walt, Aaron, Juliet, Locke, Jack, Kate…?
each instrument, plays a different role, and that role is of varying
significance from one to the next, but without each element, without each
instrument, the melody, the harmony, and ultimately the masterpiece itself
cannot be complete. The symphony or the story – the tale of Lost – could simply
not be. And that is truly what Lost means to me.
lines, a few quick thoughts on the concert in the finale:
speaking, Fantaisie-Impromptu is the piano piece that Faraday has been heard
playing on a few occasions (once as a child in the original timeline, and then
as an adult in the ALT). Though I cannot know this for certain, I believe it is
possible (perhaps even likely) that this will be the piece that Faraday
performs at the concert (possibly in conjunction with Drive Shaft).
What interests me
about this piece and the concert in general is the following:
by Chopin, is a wonderful piece that is famous for its cross-rhythm.
(Cross-rhythm is a rhythm in which the regular pattern of accents of the
prevailing meter is contradicted by a conflicting pattern; the meter of the
piece is in a permanent state of contradiction). In Fantaisie-Impromptu, Chopin
uses many cross-rhythms (the right hand plays sixteenth notes against the left
hand playing triplets)
Another way to
view cross-rhythm is as a duality in music – two states existing in one,
creating the piece as a whole. In terms of Lost, it is quite fitting – one
Since it is
possible that all of the ALT characters will be present at the concert, it
seems likely to me that this place and this moment will be crucial to the
finale, and certainly to Desmond’s plan – his drive to ‘expose’ the truth of
their existence in the ALT, to make them all aware of the original timeline reality
and of their lives and purposes there; and, of course, of their purposes in the
And it seems only
fitting that Daniel Faraday will be playing a critical role.
Faraday, the man
behind the idea of the H-bomb – the man with the brain power to be a world
class physicist and a famous classical musician. The man who ‘ignited’ the ALT
by exploding the bomb – the energy of which sank the island and sparked the
alternate reality (because the island could not sink in the original timeline due
to consistent histories, and the energy had to go somewhere, thus the Alternate
or Consciousness Reality).
Is it possible
that Faraday that will now do the ‘mirror-image’ of what was done with the
H-bomb? Will he open the consciousness portal of the true reality to the ALT
Losties through the final duality in Lost, the musical masterpiece of the
Fantaisie-Impromptu? First, he did it as a physicist. Now, will he do it as a
If the ALT is
truly a consciousness reality, Desmond (and now Hurley, and perhaps even Ben)
have ‘awoken’ as one does in a Lucid Dream.
Wiki: A lucid
dream is a dream in which the sleeper is aware that he or she is dreaming. When
the dreamer is lucid, he or she can actively participate in and often
manipulate the imaginary experiences in the dream environment. Lucid dreams can
seem extremely real and vivid depending on a person's level of self-awareness
during the lucid dream.
(by the way - I
do not think the ALT is simply a dream, but along the lines of Lewis Carroll's
Through the Looking Glass, I do believe it is a real existence but one of consciousness).
Desmond needs to happen for everyone is for them to become self-aware – to
become in tune with both realities. It is the only way he can convince them
then to do whatever it is they must do to stop the Smoke Monster….
From a statement
on Lucid Dreaming:
oThere are endless amounts of methods
and techniques used to induce lucid dreams. While there are many pills and
other one-step methods claiming to instantly induce them, it is widely believed
that no technique works better than music.
It may not be the
music itself, but I believe it will play a role in whatever critical event
occurs at the concert... though, of course, I have no way of knowing, and, admittedly,
my theories are never quite as accurate as I like…
In any case – I
am looking forward to the finale and the forthcoming answers to many of our
questions! (not answers to all - but to many)
I hope to write
again after the finale, but this will most likely be my last theory before the
series end (unless I have a sudden brainstorm very soon), so thanks to all who
have taken the time to read and comment on my theories, and thanks even more
for posting such great theories of your own, some of which amazed me with the
insight, and from which I was able to build my own ideas and thoughts…..
Theory Also Called: Where there’s Smoke Monster, there’s fire (and
Per usual, this is just a loose compilation of religious/philosophical
threads that have been woven together to try to put some sense to the mystery
that is Lost…..
Points of interest in this theory:
-Light in the cave
-Water and Fire (and brimstone)
-Smoke and Ashes
Does the Light = Divine Light?
In theology, light or divine light is a term
used to refer to an aspect of divine presence, specifically an unknown
and mysterious ability of God, angels, or human beings to express themselves
communicatively through spiritual means, rather than through physical
-The light in the cave was described by “mother” as:
“life, death, and rebirth” and “the source”.
-She says that the reason why they (her and the brothers)
are on the island is to protect the light. She tells them that if the light
goes out on the Island it goes out everywhere.
When she is gone, she says that one of them will have to protect it
From the New Testament, namely John 1:9:
"That was the true light, which lighteth every man that cometh into the
world." Indicates that every person is born with the Light within him or
So – each of us has the presence of God within us, the ‘source’ of Life.
And, evidently, it also exists independently, in this ‘realm’ that is the Island.
Another statement from Mother:
-“everyone has a little of the light in them but they
always want more”
Want more what? Of the “source”, of the “divine light”.
To become closer to Immortality. To become something beyond the limitations of
what humanity is now. To defeat the Valenzetti equation. To get back what was
Lost (Immortality) when Adam and Eve bit the apple (before Adam and Eve bit the
apple, they were immortal beings).
(btw I believe the island is the lost Garden of Eden per Milton’s Paradise Lost. I
also wonder if “Mother” is Eve – the real Eve. And the Light – well, it makes
sense to me that it would exist in the place where Man and Woman first existed).
Water and Fire (and brimstone) – another duality in Lost
Water: life, rebirth (Nemesis/Smoke Monster does not like
Fire: death (Smoke Monster seems connected to fire).
In the Bible, fire seems (and can have) an ‘evil’
Fire and brimstone (or, alternately, brimstone and fire,
translated from the Hebrew) are signs of God's wrath in the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament) and the New Testament. In
the Bible, they often appear in reference to the fate of the unfaithful.
Fire and brimstone frequently appear as agents of divine
wrath throughout the Book of Revelation
culminating in chapters 19–21, wherein the devil and the ungodly are cast into a
lake of fire and brimstone as an eternal punishment:
Whereas water can have a ‘good’ or ‘salvation’
Catechism of the Catholic Church states: "Baptism is
necessary for salvation for those to whom the Gospel has been proclaimed and
who have had the possibility of asking for this sacrament."
Accordingly, a person who knowingly, willfully and
unrepentantly rejects baptism has no hope of salvation.
This teaching is based on Jesus' words in the Gospel
according to John: "Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is
born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter into the Kingdom of God."[Jn 3:5]
Repeat: Unless one if born of water and the Spirit, he
cannot enter into the Kingdom
Interesting. The spirit is the light. But water is also
needed – the water of the religion, the ‘holy water’.
Smoke and Ashes
The Smoke Monster is, well, Smoke. Is it a coincidence
that fire and water play a fundamental role in Lost, and the Smoke Monster is,
I think it is connected.
Divine Light may be “Good” at its purest, but when
exposed to the flaws of humanity, all Hell breaks loose (literally).
Recall the Fall of Man: after the apple was bitten,
immortal Adam and Eve became human and were thrust from the Garden – so they
could not despoil the Divine Light?
So – when a flawed human (Jacob’s brother, who has ‘evil’
and ‘good’ within him), touches the source – a reaction. A reaction of fire and
water and spirit.
Fire + water + The Source = SMOKE. A tormented, “smoke”
soul – Evil Incarnate.
Finally, as a quick add-on – I believe the ashes are also
linked to this. The smoke monster cannot pass the ashes. What are they?
I would liken them to ashes in the religious sense –
ashes that are perhaps blessed or treated with holy water, much like ashes used
for Ash Wednesday:
Ash Wednesday derives its name from the practice of
placing ashes on the foreheads of adherents as a sign of repentance. The ashes
used are typically gathered after the Palm Crosses from the previous year's Palm Sunday are burned. In the liturgical
practice of some churches, the ashes are mixed with the Oil of the Catechumens
(one of the sacred oils used to anoint those about to
be baptized), though some churches use
The ash, baptized, creates a barrier or sorts….
So – some thoughts to ponder….. all of this, who knows if
any of it is right, AND it doesn’t account for the science aspect of everything
(such as – the Source has magnetic properties, properties that have opened a
Jacob’s Ladder to the spirit world, properties that have allowed the creation
of an ALT or, perhaps, the Island itself it the ALT or consciousness…..).
Will be interesting to see what is answered. And what is
The ALT has always seemed like a mirror-image, a duality to
the current reality, a “consciousness reality”, a “Through The Looking Glass”
Lewis Carroll is referenced countless times in Lost (white
rabbits, the Looking Glass station, etc. – check Lostpedia for more) – so I
believe the concept of “Through the Looking Glass” is key to the final moments
Mirrors have played a role of late: the Lighthouse is a good
example. And more recently, the Music Box.
When Claire opens the Music Box, we hear the song that has
represented both Aaron and The Smoke Monster at various times. We see Claire’s
reflection in a mirror. If we think about “Through the Looking Glass”, are we
- the reflection of Claire, who is the mother of Aaron, but
hearing the music representing the Smoke Monster – in the ALT, is Aaron the
vessel that the Smoke Monster will enter the ALT through, thereby causing
space/time devastation? Aaron, born on the island, perhaps marked by the Divine
Light, a soul that the Smoke Monster can use once the ‘game is won’.
The Dream of the Red
A final thought relevant to “Through the Looking Glass”
(Wikipedia): The Red King is a character who appears in Lewis
storyThrough the Looking-Glass….when Alice
first meets him he is fast asleep ("fit to snore his head off", as Tweedledum
says). During this time, Tweedledum and Tweedledee state that if she (Alice) is
part of the Red King's dream, as they suspect, then she will "go out—bang!—like a
when he wakes….
The match ends by Alice's checkmating
of the king, an action coincident with the taking of the Red Queen.
Alice immediately wakes up, no longer in the realm of Through the Looking Glass.
acknowledges that the Red King had, after all, been asleep throughout the whole
game, and is left wondering whether the whole experience was her dream, or his.
So – not to say it’s all a dream
– but if we use this as a clue, the reality ‘disappears’ when the game is up….
Meaning that when the revelation
occurs, one of the realities ‘ceases to be’ for the observer, leaving only one.
in Lost: Jacob, Nemi, Aaron and the Garden of Eden
off, let’s take a look at Milton’s “Paradise
Lost” (recall Penny’s last name in the episode with Desmond was Milton).
Paradise Lost is an epic poem in blank verse by the 17th-century
English poet John Milton. It was originally published in 1667 in ten books,
with a total of over ten thousand individual lines of verse. A second edition
followed in 1674, redivided into twelve books (in the manner of the division of
Virgil's Aeneid) with minor revisions throughout and a note on the
versification; the majority of the poem was written while Milton was blind, and was transcribed for
Milton incorporates Paganism, classical
Greek references, and Christianity within the poem. It deals with diverse
topics from marriage, politics (Milton was politically active during the time
of the English Civil War), and monarchy, and grapples with many difficult
theological issues, including fate, predestination, the Trinity, and the
introduction of sin and death into the world, as well as angels, fallen angels,
Satan, and the war in heaven. Milton
draws on his knowledge of languages, and diverse sources — primarily Genesis,
much of the New Testament, the deuterocanonical Book of Enoch, and other parts
of the Old Testament. This epic is generally considered one of the greatest
works in the English language.
this sounds like it fits pretty well with the religious themes in Lost. Even
before I related Milton’s poem to Lost, I had an inkling that what is going on
in Lost is a mirror-image or second pass at what occurred in the Garden of
Eden. Now, with this additional clue, I am leaning even more in that direction.
here are some of my thoughts:
island, or “this God Forsaken rock” as Nemi/Locke stated in a recent episode,
is the actual Garden of Eden. After the Fall of Man (which is when Adam and Eve
chose to disobey God), the Garden was deserted. The Bible does not state what
happened to the Garden except that an angel was left to guard it. I’m
theorizing that the Garden became the island, and remained a connection to the
means: spot, moment, presence, open door.
the Garden of Eden was the spot for the moment where the presence of God
provided an open door to heaven. It’s where heaven met earth.
we know, there is a spiritual world connected to the island. Jacob is named for
Jacob’s ladder, which is another clue to this connection. Jacob’s ladder was
another connection between heaven and earth.
a few questions to ask first:
Who/what is Jacob?
Who/what is Nemi?
The island and Garden of Eden
The candidates’ role
believe Jacob is a couple of things wrapped into one. For starters, I believe
Jacob was once a man. In fact, I believe there is a possibility that he was
“Abel”, the shepherd who was killed by his brother in the first murder of
spirit, I believe Abel/Jacob became the guardian of the underworld/heaven, i.e.
he became Anubis.
He watches over the mummification process to ensure that all is done properly.
He conducts the souls through the underworld, testing their knowledge of the
gods and their faith. He places their heart on the Scales of Justice during the
Judging of the Heart, and he feeds the souls of wicked people to Ammit.
the case of Lost, I believe Jacob/Anubis acts as a judge that does not allow
the spirits of those who have chosen evil to move on into the afterlife. This
is evident by Michael’s spirit, who is basically trapped on the island due to
his actions, along with the other “trapped” spirits that are heard on the
island as whispers.
into this category as well.
Nemi may once have been “Cain”, and committed the first murder. He was once a
man, as he stated to Sawyer.
evil, Cain brought evil into his soul. It is almost as if he became “infected”
himself, and in way became a vessel of Satan.
believe that Nemi represents Satan, though not sure how this fits in with him
once being Cain as well.
the Losties towards a “better reality” – the same way Satan did so with Adam
and Even and the apple – he promises them the one thing they want most, and in
return, they “take a bite of the apple”.
So what this
means to me is that the island represents the Garden of Eden, and the
“candidates” are representative of Adam and Eve, who were the “candidates” of
Nemi also has
the form of the smoke monster, which is very similar to a serpent, which was
the form that Satan took in the Garden of Eden.
"Now the serpent was more subtle than any beast of the field which the
Lord God had made" (Genesis 3:1).
great dragon was hurled down -- that ancient serpent called the devil, or
Satan, who leads the whole world astray..."
lends support to the view that of the serpent being Satan himself, which helps
to explain, as well, why Eve was not surprised to be spoken to by the
serpent—it was not a talking snake, but a beautiful and intelligent (yet evil)
island and Garden of Eden
been some interesting clues to the Garden of Eden in Lost :
After discovering their disobedience, God banished the couple from the garden
in order to deny them access to the Tree of Life which would
give them immortality.
There have been a couple times in the series that a very large tree (Tree of
Life?) has been shown. I definitely recalled it in Richard’s episode (Ab
Aeterno). It is where Richard buries his wife’s cross, and then digs it back
up. The tree seems very symbolic in that scene. In addition, the Tree of Life
is linked to immortality, so the fact that Richard (who does not age) buries
his cross at this tree is also symbolic.
From Milton’s Paradise (I stole this from a
website when I searched for Milton’s Paradise and the Garden of Eden):
An angel approaches Adam
after his fall from grace and describes the future of mankind. In his
description of the great floods (from the Noah
and the Ark tale) he describes what will happen to the Garden of Eden and
then shall this Mount Of
Paradise by might of Waves be moovd Out of his place, pushd by the horned
floud, With all his verdure spoil'd, and Trees adrift Down the great River to
the op'ning Gulf, And there take root an Island salt and bare, The haunt of Seales
and Orcs, and Sea-mews clang, To teach thee that God attributes to place No
sanctitie, if none be thither brought By Men who there frequent, or therein
dwell." John MiltonParadise Lost (bk. XI, 1. 829-838).
Basically, in Milton’s Paradise, an angel tells Adam that the Garden of Eden
will become an island.
are other clues, like the skeletons that are called “Adam and Eve” (though I
believe that will turn out to be Bernard and Rose, calling them “Adam and Eve”
is another hint).
there are probably other hints out there that I have missed.
The candidates’ role
candidates role may be more scientific than religious – not sure at this point.
Nemi wants the candidates to go with him, and this could be for one of two
reasons that I can think of:
takes them with him off the island to ensure that they cannot fulfill the
role of taking Jacob’s place.
takes them with him because they act as a time constant so that he can
actually leave the island when he flies off – the same idea as when they
needed to have everyone on the Ajira Flight – perhaps because without them
as “time constants”, they would not have flashed to the 1970’s/Dharma
Initiative like they did.
In general from a religious
perspective though, I believe the role of the candidates is similar to the role
that existed for Adam and Eve. They are left with choices that may impact the
fate of humanity.
Each of them has special abilities and
places a special role, but in the end, their choices (good or evil) and actions
will lead to a result that will either be the same as Adam and Eve’s (humanity
fails), or the opposite (humanity succeeds).
believe Aaron is the sixth candidate. He is the one that will replace Jacob. He
is still innocent, so perhaps it makes sense that he would replace Jacob.
these lines, I think Aaron is the boy that has been pestering Nemi lately. So what
is special about Aaron and leads me to these thoughts?
He was meant to be on the original flight
- He was born on the island
- In the episode ‘Abandoned’, when Locke was handling Aaron for Claire, Charlie
got dreams about the need to baptize Aaron. Was this some kind of foresight
sent to Charlie by the island? Charlie goes to great lengths to baptize Aaron,
even starting a fire to distract everyone. Why baptize Aaron?
The purpose of baptism is as a means of repelling evil.
Even though Charlie fails, Aaron and Claire eventually get baptized by Eko
(recall Jacob’s relationship to water; and recall Richard’s ‘baptism’ by
- Claire abandons Aaron when Christian Shepherd comes up to her after the house
explosion. Is this the “spirit” Christian, or MIB/Nemesis guised as Christian?
I believe it was the “spirit” Christian, protecting Aaron from Claire, who had
“died” in the explosion but come back to life and was now potentially
“infected”. If Claire is not infected, why else would Nemesis keep her around?
- When Kate is off the island, Claire comes to her in visions, saying not to
bring Aaron back to the island. Why? My guess is because it is not the right
time or the right way, and protects him from Nemesis. It’s possible Aaron will
find his own way to the island, just as he seems to be doing now with these
‘visits’ that anger Nemesis.
I believe Aaron will be looped back in the final episodes, and will be Jacob’s
replacement. One additional thought is – if Aaron takes this role as a young
boy (until he matures), perhaps Kate will become his guardian. Her role has
been minimized to date, but I foresee that she will still have an important
role in the end.
this point, Widmore’s role is cloudy. He seems to understand the scientific
aspect of things, and is partnered (so it seems) with Ms Hawking, who may know
even more than he does. But what is his role?
only thought on this in relation to the religious aspect of things is that he
somehow knows that this is the Garden of Eden, and that what they are up
against is possibly Satan himself.
realizes that he needs to use Desmond’s abilities to ultimately stop Nemi, and
this has something to do with the alternate reality.
there may be something deeper here as well. The Valenzetti equation foretells
the end of mankind. Before Adam and Eve bit the apple, mankind was immortal
(per The Tree of Life). After they bit the apple, immortality was taken away
from them, and (I’m theorizing) the countdown on mankind’s existence began.
This countdown is characterized by the Valenzetti equation. Due to the fact
that Widmore seems to have ties to Dharma and other behind-the-scenes
organizations, he may be also trying to “reverse” what Adam and Eve did – i.e.,
fins a way to change the Valenzetti equation, find a way to extend humanity’s
final thought about the spirits based on the revelation from Michael. There
seem to be four “types” of spirits:
Visiting spirits. These can appear as spirits or as animals. Examples are:
the butterfly in Ab Aeterno, which was probably Richard’s wife.
Richard’s wife when Hurley tells Richard she is there (at the Tree of Life)
the boar that attacks Sawyer, who is the spirit of the man he killed that he
thought was the real ‘Sawyer’
the horse that Kate encounters on the island that seems to be the spirit of her
Trapped spirits: These appear when the whispers ensure, like Michael did to
Hurley. These are spirits of individuals that made more ‘evil’ choices than
good, i.e. when Annubis/Jacob weighed their ‘heart’ on a scale, it had more evil
than good. They are likely trapped here by Jacob, a sort of purgatory
Nemesis transforming: spirits that are really Nemesis taking their form. I
believe he did this with Richard’s wife in the Black Rock. He has also done
with Christian Shepherd on numerous occasions (though Christian has also
appeared as a ‘Visiting Spirit’) and others.
Visionary spirits: This would include Walt and Aaron (if I am right that the
boy is Aaron). These are visions of people that have special powers in relation
to the island, and their form can appear on the island even when they alive and
off island, like Walt appeared to Locke after Locke had been shot.
– this is a long theory, and not a theory of everything per se, but a look at
religion how may play into the Lost world.
conjunction with a recent post of mine (Hawking’s Imaginary Journey) I’ve tried
to capture both some of the scientific and religious elements of the show. But
even with this (some of which may be right, some wrong), I still have no idea
how it will all play out…!!
I believe what makes Eloise Hawking
and Desmond special is that they can see in “imaginary time”.
Imaginary time is a concept created
by Stephen Hawking. It is a measurement system, and is not “imaginary” in the
sense of the world of Alice in Wonderland is imaginary; it is imaginary in the
sense of imaginary numbers, such as the square root of -4 is 2i.
In this way, it is actually a
mathematical model used to represent the universe. From Stephen Hawking’s book
“A Brief History in Time”:
“That is to say, for the purposes
of the calculation one must measure time using imaginary numbers, rather than
real ones. This has an interesting effect on space-time: the distinction
between time and space disappears completely.”
Let’s take a look at the Big Bang
in Imaginary Time:
According to Stephen
Hawking's theory, the Big Bang singularity - like all singularities - is only a
singularity in ordinary time. In imaginary time, it is simply a point analogous
to the north pole on the Earth. Although ordinary time begins with the Big
Bang, it cannot be truly said that the north pole "begins" the
Earth's surface, so imaginary time has no beginning or end. Therefore, when
rephrased in imaginary time, the beginning and end of ordinary time are no more
special, unique, or problematic than any other point in time. The dual-time
theory clears up the singularity of the Big Bang by restating it in higher
dimensions, now of time instead of space. See the Figure of the Globe below.
The top of the globe could be considered the “Big Bang” in imaginary time.
Minkowski Space Time
also utilized imaginary time (recall Minkowski was the limo driver for Desmond,
and was also on Widmore’s boat that came to the island with the soldiers). See
the Figure below:
I’ve overlaid an “Event
light cone” to try to clarify my thoughts on this diagram as best I can. The
event is an occurrence or an observer at the specific moment in the present.
The ‘Light Cone
Past’ is all of the subsequent events that had to occur for the present event
to occur. The ‘Light Cone Future’ is all of the possible events that could
occur from the current event. What WILL/DOES occur would look like a sort of
wiggly line running up along the time cone. This is called a WORLD LINE.
Another figure representing light cones is below.
So what does this mean for Eloise
Hawking and Desmond?
Unlike normal people, I believe
they can travel in their minds through imaginary time. That means, if you look
at the Figures above, that they can move through time as if it were space. In
other words, they can travel to the past and into the potential futures in
Remember, imaginary time is
analogous to space, so one with the ability to do so can move forward,
backward, etc. through time just as we can through 2-dimensional space.
I think this ability is how Eloise
gets her information and seems to know so much. She can see the potential
futures because of her ability (the futures in the future time cone), and tries
to guide events in the direction that will lead to the WORLD LINE future (the
actual future) that she hopes to accomplish.
I believe the same thing has
happened recently with Desmond. He has “seen” the potential futures, and is
trying to guide events to lead to the future he desires (saving humanity?).
Much like Desmond was woken up to
this ability by turning the key in the hatch, Eloise must have been woken up to
it as well. Perhaps it was when she touched Daniel Faraday, who she had just
shot, and who was a time traveler. Like we are seeing with the Losties in the
alternate reality, coming in contact with individuals is waking them up to their
lives in the current reality. Perhaps for Ms Hawking, when she shot Daniel, and
then touched him, she had the ‘flashes’ in her mind that ‘turned on’ her power
to travel in imaginary time.
But what about the alternate
reality? How does this fit in?
According to Stephen Hawking’s “A
Brief History in Time”, there are two possible resolutions to the paradox of
The consistent histories approach
The alternative histories hypothesis
What is interesting is that we have
seen #1 and a variation of #2 occur in Lost! Let me explain as briefly as
possible (for those of you that are still interested):
The consistent histories approach
basically states that you could not go back in time unless history showed that
you had already arrived in the past and not committed any acts that would
conflict with your current situation in the present.
This is exactly what has occurred
to the Losties in the current reality. They went back in time to the Dharma
Initiative, they exploded the bomb, all of that happened – and there is
evidence that is all happened when they first arrived on the island. For
example, if the Jack et al had got onto the island and gone straight to the
Other’s houses (which were once Dharma houses) and found the picture of them in
the 1970s dressed up in Dharma suits, that would have verified the consistent
histories approach. They were going to go back in time, and the present they
were in proved that. “What Happened, Happened.”
Now, throw in the event of the
H-bomb. Aside from the current reality “What Happened, Happened”, the alternate
reality exists. This is in line with #2, “the alternative histories hypothesis”,
but not in total agreement.
The alternative histories
hypothesis states that when time travelers go back into the past, they enter
alternative histories which differ from recorded history. This DOES NOT HAPPEN
in Lost, because as we know, the history they entered was consistent with the
present from which they came.
However, when they set of the
H-bomb, they “opened the door” to a new reality – a reality that contained both
a different past light cone and different future light cone from the standpoint
of the present. What I mean is that if you look at Jack’s life in the current
reality, including his past and future light cones, it is different from that in
the alternate reality. The two Jack’s share a similar past light cone, but they
are not the same. Ben is another example of this. He leaves the island with his
father in the alternate reality, which would be considered his “past” from our
present point of view. So his past and future time cones are different from the
“present” vantage point.
This leads into the “many worlds”
theory, which is basically that there are countless alternate universe in
existence, each based on all the possibilities that exist throughout time.
I do not think this is what is
going on in Lost, though. I think instead that there are “potential” realities,
meaning that the “probability” of their existence exists, but when the rubber
meets the road, in the eye of the observer only one existence truly exists.
Take Schrödinger's cat for example, which is a thought
experiment that tries to cast doubt on quantum superposition.
From Wikipedia: Broadly stated, a quantum superposition is the combination
of all the possible states of a system (for example, the possible positions of
a subatomic particle). The Copenhagen
interpretation implies that the superposition undergoes collapse into a
definite state only at the exact moment of quantum measurement.
In other words, a definite state will only exist once an observer is
cognizant of it.
With Schrödinger's cat:
From Wikipedia: A cat, along with a flask containing a poison and a radioactive
source, is placed in a sealed box shielded against environmentally induced quantum
decoherence. If an internal Geiger counter detects radiation, the flask is
shattered, releasing the poison that kills the cat. The Copenhagen interpretation of quantum
mechanics implies that after a while, the cat is simultaneously alive and
dead. Yet, when we look in the box, we see the cat either alive or
dead, not both alive and dead.
I wonder if the alternate reality is something to this effect – something
that supports quantum superposition but also experimentally validates
What I mean is – what if both realities exist in a sort of flux, and as
soon as an outside observation is made, only one will actually exist?
This may fit into Widmore’s concern that “we will cease to exist”.
Obviously, based on the fact that the alternate reality people can see
their lives in the current reality, the two realities are tied together and not
independent. Therefore, they are not multiple universes, but one universe split
(temporarily) into two which will have to revert back to one.
If I was to try to tie religion into all of this, perhaps the “observer” in
Schrodinger’s cat is, in the case of the two realities, God, or a higher being?
Nemesis or Jacob? Someone whose actions cause one of the realities to cease to
I’m really not sure how that ties in. There is also wave collapse theory,
which Achalli has spelled out very well. But in the end, I do believe only one
reality can exist, and that both science and religion will somehow play into it.
On the science side, Eloise Hawking has been guiding people along in the
background, just as Desmond is doing now.